Beware 5 common summer season diseases

60 views | 9:57am on Friday 5th March 2021

summer season diseases

Beware 5 common summer season diseases

Summer is here now with its unique unbearable temperature comes a myriad of diseases that can influence you or your near and dear ones too. Here are 5 summer season diseases people have easily got it in the summer. If you wish to have a vibrant season, it is essential to do some precautions to keep these common diseases at bay. So, what exactly do you need to prepare yourself for? Let’s find out.

5 common summer season diseases

1.Heatstroke:

The first common summer season disease is heat stroke or hyperthermia. This illness happens when your body is overheated which is a result of prolonged exposure to or physical exertion in high temperatures. If you have got a heatstroke, you will need emergency treatment. If not, your brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles can damage quickly or even be life-threatening. 

To realize heatstroke early, you need to take notice of signs and symptoms include:

  • High body temperature: you have a core body temperature of 104 °F (40 °C) or higher when using a thermometer. This is the main sign of heatstroke.

  • Unstable mental state or behavior: you can have a sign of confusion, agitation, slurred speech, irritability, delirium, seizures, and coma.

  • Alteration in sweating: If you have heatstroke due to hot weather, your skin will feel hot and dry to the touch. However, if having a heatstroke due to strenuous exercise, your skin will be dry or slightly moist.

  • Nausea and vomiting. 

  • Flushed skin: Your skin may turn red because your body temperature is high.

  • Rapid breathing.

  • Racing heart rate: heat stress make a tremendous burden on your heart to reduce your body temperature.

  • Headache. 

summer season diseases

Heatstroke happens when your body is overheated which is a result of prolonged exposure to or physical exertion in high temperatures

Heatstroke is predictable and preventable. Let’s take these tips to prevent it in summertime:

  • Wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing. 

  • Protect against sunburn. Sunburn impacts your body's ability to cool itself, therefore you need to protect yourself outdoors with a hat and sunglasses and use a high SPF sunscreen.

  • Drink enough water. Staying hydrated has the use of maintaining a normal body temperature.

  • Do not leave anyone in a parked car especially children. The temperature in your car can increase by 20 °F (more than 6.7 °C) in 10 minutes when parking under the sun.

  • Eat cool foods for hot weather such as tomatoes, melon, berries, etc to cool down your temperature from inside.

  • Limit time spent working or exercising in the heat. If you still do a workout, you need to watch out for more weather tips for workout in summer. 

2.Food poisoning:

Another featured summer season disease is food poisoning. The warm and humid weather provides a fertile environment for bacterial growth leading to food contamination. 

Food poisoning symptoms change differently due to the source of contamination. Most types of food poisoning cause the following signs and symptoms:

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Watery or bloody diarrhea

  • Abdominal pain and cramps

  • Fever

Patients can get symptoms within hours after eating the contaminated food, or after days or even weeks later. 

summer season diseases

A patient can get symptoms within hours after eating the contaminated food, or after days or even weeks later

To prevent food poisoning at home, you need to:

  • Wash your hands with soap or alcohol-based hand sanitizer before and after touching food. 

  • Separate raw foods with ready-to-eat foods to prevent cross-contamination.

  • Cook foods to a safe, well-cooked temperature. In detail, cook ground beef to 160 °F (71.1 °C); steaks, roasts, and chops, such as lamb, pork and veal, to at least 145 °F (62.8 °C). While you need to cook chicken and turkey to 165 °F (73.9 °C). Fish and shellfish are also made sure to be cooked thoroughly.

  • Refrigerate or freeze perishable foods promptly within two hours of purchasing or preparing them. If it is above 90 °F (32.2 °C), you need to put them in the refrigerator within one hour.

  • Defrost food safely. In hot weather, bacterias develop significantly, so do not thaw food at room temperature. Let’s thaw food in the refrigerator. Or you can thaw it through a microwave, however, make sure you cook it immediately. 

  • Throw poison food out when in doubt. In summer, it is so great to have a picnic, but preserving picnic foods for hot weather is not easy. If you are not sure about food quality, discard it. Food left at room temperature too long may contain bacteria or toxins that can not be destroyed by cooking. 

  • Do not leave the cooked food outside overnight. The high temperature will make bacteria develop and rancid food. Cover the food carefully and place them in the refrigerator to preserve. 

3.Dehydration:

In summer, people are also easily hydrated. This common summer season disease occurs when your body loses more fluids than you absorb. 

Both adult and children who have dehydration often have symptoms such as:

  • Feeling thirsty

  • Dark yellow and strong-smelling pee

  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded

  • Feeling tired, not want to do anything

  • Dry mouth, lips, and eyes

  • Pee little, less than 4 times a day

This illness is mainly caused by a lack of fluid in the body. Thus, to prevent it, the best and quickest way is to drink enough water. You should drink at least 1,5l water per day or more depending on your body condition and your exercise intensity. Not only pure water, but you also take in water through different ways such as fruit, vegetable. For instance, you can eat more foods for hot weather high in water such as tomatoes, cucumber, berries, watermelon, etc. 

summer season diseases

In addition, you can eat more  foods for hot weather high in water such as tomatoes, cucumber, etc

4.Mumps:

In hot weather, mumps also becomes a worry to people because of the number of infected cases in children during peak summer.

Mumps is a viral infection affecting saliva-producing (salivary) glands that are posited near your ears. Therefore, the primary sign of mumps is swollen salivary glands and the cheeks to puff out. Other signs and symptoms patient can have:

  • Pain swollen salivary glands on one or both sides of your face

  • Pain while chewing or swallowing

  • Fever

  • Headache

  • Muscle aches

  • Weakness and fatigue

  • Loss of appetite

Fortunately, there is a vaccine for this common summer season disease. It is advised that everyone should take 2 doses of mumps vaccine and for children before entering school. the best time for taking the vaccine to get the most effective result is when being an infant. 

Furthermore, the mumps vaccine is usually given as a combined measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) inoculation, which contains the safest and most effective form of each vaccine. The combination is able to protect us more from the harm of viruses.

summer season diseases

Fortunately, there is a vaccine for this common summer season disease

The 3rd dose of mumps vaccine is not encouraged. A doctor is possible to advise you to take, however, you are in an area that is experiencing an outbreak.

5.Chicken Pox:

Similar to Mumps, Chicken Pox is also one of the most common summer season diseases. The itchy blister rash will appear from 10 to 21 days after infecting the virus and take about 5 to 10 days to disappear. Some other signs may come one to two days before developing the rash include:

  • Fever

  • Loss of appetite

  • Headache

  • Tiredness and malaise

summer season diseases

The itchy blister rash will appear from 10 to 21 days after infecting with the virus and take about 5 to 10 days to disappear

Once the chickenpox rash appears, there are three phases to develop:

  • Pink or red bumps (papules) break out over several days

  • Vesicles form in about one day and then break themselves and leak

  • Crusts and scabs, which cover the broken blisters and take several more days to heal

Also, there is a vaccine for Chickenpox. According to the estimation of experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly 98% of people who take 2 doses of the vaccine are protected completely from the virus. The left who even get sick will be less damaged by chickenpox.

summer season diseases

According to the estimation of experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly 98% of people who take 2 doses of the vaccine are protected completely from the virus

A few tips to avoid common summer season diseases

- Drink at least 8 glasses of water per day in summer and if you do not like to drink pure water, you can drink others like coconut water, buttermilk, and lemon water.

- Choosing cool, lightweight, absorbent clothes like cotton to wear. You should not wear dark or tight clothes because these types of clothes absorb more heat and make sweat difficult to emit. 

summer season diseases

You should not wear dark or tight clothes because these types of clothes absorb more heat and make sweat difficult to emit. 

- When traveling or during outdoor activities, you need to protect yourself from the heavy sunlight. Wearing a hat, glasses as well as applying sunscreen to avoid the ham UV light. Seek shade and rest if possible.

If you are sunburned, you can apply ice packs, slices of cucumber or tomatoes to comfort sunburns areas caused due to sun rays.

- Washing your hands is very important in both summer and winter. Follow general hygiene 10-step rules while handling food or after going to the toilet. Furthermore, let’s wash your hands before preparing any food items to prevent food contamination.

- Preserve food carefully at a proper temperature to avoid rancid food as well as food poisoning. 

- Taking vaccination with MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) is helpful against infectious diseases. If you or your kid does not take a vaccine against these 3 infections, let’s get vaccinated at the earliest.

- Doing exercise regularly improves your immune systems gradually, makes your body stronger to fight the attack of viruses or abnormal weather conditions. It means that you will have less possibility of getting summer season diseases, stay healthy.

summer season diseases

Doing exercise regularly improves your immune systems gradually, makes your body stronger to fight the attack of viruses or abnormal weather conditions

- Eating nutrient-dense foods to get a healthy body and limit the possibility of getting sick. Some small changes in eating habits can bring big change. For example, switch from white rice to brown rice or replace sugary drinks with water, unsweetened tea, or coffee, or eating snacks on crunchy vegetables or nuts instead of chips. All can make your body better.

Conclusion

Like other seasons, summer also comes with some troubles. However, if you know symptoms as well as prevention of common summer season diseases, summer will still be a perfect time for you. Not only, tips for prevention illnesses, but you can also get some makeup tips for hot weather, cooking recipes for hot summer at the website Weather Forecast. Visit it to take useful information.